Information Literacy lessons are incorporated throughout the curriculum to insure that skills are not taught in isolation, but are integrated with core content and transferrable to real world learning.

The seven strands and the standards taught at grades seven and eight are listed below:


7th GRADE
Strand
Massachusetts School Library Association StandardBy the end of 7th grade, students will be able to:
1. Using a Research Process
1.13 Select a topic from a range of possibilities.
(ex. How to access and use Online Database Topic Lists)
1.14 Use the teacher provided essential question to develop a topic focus, or develop a self-selected essential question.
(ex. Lesson on “Skinny vs. Fat Questions” – i.e. single answer questions vs. questions that can be argued and require evidence)
2. Identifying Different Kinds of Resources
2.15 Understand the library’s organization of resources.
(ex. Library Orientation)
3. Accessing Information
3.10 Independently choose appropriate information from print and electronic sources.
(ex. Lesson incorporating print, websites, and online databases)
4. Evaluating Information
4.4a Independently develop criteria for relevant information.
4.4b Independently develop criteria for current information.
5. Organizing Information with Effective Note-Taking Skills
4.13 Independently summarize and paraphrase information.
(ex. NoodleTools Notecards – especially practice with paraphrasing)
6. Using Information Ethically
4.23 With assistance begin to demonstrate understanding of copyright law, fair use and intellectual property rights.
7. Read Broadly and Critically for Understanding
8.16 Display knowledge of various types of print material, of genres, and of selection aids.
(ex. Gale Books and Authors Database, Library Online Catalog)
8th GRADE
Strand
Massachusetts School Library Association StandardBy the end of 8th grade, students will be able to:
1. Using a Research Process
1.16 Identify pre-existing knowledge, as well as additional information necessary to solve the problem.
(ex. KWL Chart Activity using Online and/or Print Resources)
2. Identifying Different Kinds of Resources
2.16 With assistance, select and modify keywords and phrases for information seeking purposes.
(ex. Activity on Using a Controlled Vocabulary)
2.17 Understand the difference between, and the uses of, primary and secondary sources.
3. Accessing Information
3.11 Use cross-references to locate additional information.
(ex. Lesson on Using Indexes, Subject Headings in Library Catalog, and Embedded Online Links)
4. Evaluating Information
4.4c Independently develop criteria for authoritative information.
4.4d Independently develop criteria for objective information.
5. Organizing Information with Effective Note-Taking Skills
4.16 Collaborate with others, including using technology to share information.
(ex. NoodleTools –Teacher Drop Box and Student Collaboration functions)
6. Using Information Ethically
4.22 Independently create correct citations for text and images used.
(ex. NoodleTools Citation Generator)
7. Read Broadly and Critically for Understanding
8.17 Identify and read from a variety of genres, e.g., historical, realistic, fantasy, fiction, folklore, poetry, biography, nonfiction.
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The Recommended PreK – 12 Information Literacy Skills Standards fall under eight broad categories:


Standard 1. Define an Information Task

  • Students will be able to define problems competently and identify information needs.

Standard 2. Develop Information Seeking Strategies
  • Students will be able to develop strategies to find information relevant to their question or personal need.

Standard 3. Locate and Access Information
  • Students will be able to access and gather information efficiently and effectively.

Standard 4. Use Information
  • Students will be able to evaluate resources for their appropriateness, select the best and extract the most relevant information.

Standard 5. Synthesize Information
  • Students will organize new information from multiple sources to construct a product that communicates the results of their research.

Standard 6. Participate in Collaborative Activities
  • Students will participate effectively in groups to pursue and generate information.

Standard 7. Evaluate the Process and the Product
  • Students will evaluate both the research process and the final product. This may include both self and peer evaluation.

Standard 8. Appreciate Literature
  • Students will gain an increased enjoyment of literature and grow in their abilities to locate and select appropriate reading materials independently.


(from Massachusetts School Library Association, October 2008)

Massachusetts Standards: MSLA 2009 Massachusetts Recommended PreK-12 Information Literacy Standards

National Standards: American Association of School Librarians - "Standards for the 21st Century Learner"